Thursday, December 23, 2010
Monday, December 20, 2010
Annual Festival of Kalash Community Chomas on its Peak
Annual religious festival of Kalash community Chatarmas (Chomas) is being celebrating in three valleys of Kalash community Rumbor, Bumborate and Birir. But the festival is on its peaks these days. The religious festival has been started from December 7 but it will be on its peak on 20, 21 and 22 December Simultaneously in these three valleys. During the annual festival which is celebrating every year in winter season Kalash men and women perform folk dance which is a part of their worship, they sacrifice animals like Muslim sacrificing animal on Eidul Azha and they offer Dua for new year to be good luck for them. Hence during the Chatarmas festival Kalash not allow any Muslim for three days to enter neither the valley nor any Kalsh who coming from outside (other valley) they kill their animal from back side not slaughter them its meat is distributing among them and drink local wine jointly. Hence there are some other mysterious customs, habits, events of Kalsh people which are not performing openly. Hence on the final day of the festival Kalash (Non Muslim) which have very unique culture and rare generation of the world together and perform dance at their dance places. Their men beating drum and their religious leaders which are called Qazi singing religious and historical songs and their relative put rupees note in their cap. They usually appreciating bravely, good works, generously and every notable work of their elders in their songs and other Kalash hailing them. Kalash people celebrating 4 festivals a year and this is the last one of this series. They gathering from each village and performing dance on the beating of drum and forwarding in procession towards dancing place. They also predicted for New Year and consider it a good and pray for carrying happiness for them. At last they presenting very unique performance as well as dancing jointly men and women and praying for New Year and dispersed. A large number of domestic and well as foreign tourists approach the valley to enthrall from these colorful events of very unique and rare nation of the world.
G. H. Farooqui
Wednesday, December 8, 2010
This feature was published in Cultural Magazine of ECO Cultural Institute in 2007, please read the pages from 103 to 106.
Read at the given link:
Monday, November 29, 2010
INDIGENOUS USE OF NON-TIMBER FOREST PRODUCTS IN KALASH VALLEY CHITRAL, PAKISTAN (A Research Paper on Kalasha Economy)
Kalash Valley is located in the remote south western part of District Chitral. The area is gifted with unique Cultural and biological diversity. The natural forest of the area mainly consists of Pine (Pinus wallichiana), Chlghoza (Pinus gerardiana) Deodar (Cedrus deodara) and broad leaf species like Oak (Quercus incana). The term Non-timber forest produce encompasses all biological material other then timber that are extracted from the forest for human welfare. Some of the important NTFPs in Kalash Valley Bomburet are Wild mushroom (Morchella esculenta, M. Vulgaris, M. deliciosa) Honey (Apis cerana) Medicinal Plant (Ferula nartex Paeonia emodi, Inula recemosa ) Pine nut (Pinus gerardiana) Silk cocoons and others valuable products. the people of this remote area relies on their indigenous knowledge for collection, packing and drying of these forest products .Most of the local people are depended on these produce for income generation. The present study aims to expose the situation of Non-timber forest produce and future guidelines for proper planning and management.
Published by the DAWN Media Group.
Please visit the given link for the feature:
Monday, November 22, 2010
If you want to penetrate into Kalasha valleys (Bumboret, Rumbor, Birir) deep in Hindu Kush Range, I will suggest you Kalasha: Their Life & Tradition. This book is written by Akiko Wada, she is a Japanese lady living in Rumbor valley since 1987; she has adopted the Kalasha religion, married to a Kalasha man (Jama’t Khan). And moreover she is managing an NGO for the welfare of the community.This book is the whole story of the Kalasha culture; this is a pictorial book available from Sang-e-Meel. Lahore.
By Peter Parkes
University of Kent, Department of Anthropology, United Kingdom
To read or download:
An article regarding the religion of the Kalasha people of Pakistan, to study click the given link:
The Kalash are a community of about three thousand people living in three valleys of the foothills of the hindukuhsh mountains near Chitral, Pakistan. A tumultuous history has left them the only remaining practitioners of cultural and religious traditions that once extended across the Hindukush upto Afghanistan. The Kalash differ in many ways from the Muslim communities now surrounding them.
Yet despite their obvious religious differences with nearby communities, when asked what makes the Kalasha unique, both men and women often reply, “Our women are free” (homa istrizia azat asan). The concept that Kalasha women are “free” (azat), that they have “choice” (chit), is a topic of spirited conversation among the Kalasha. It touches at the heart of both individual women’s identities and the collective identity of the community.
Our Women are Free introduces the historical and cultural landscape of the Kalasha and describes the role that “women’s freedom” plays as an ethnic marker for the entire community. Throughout the narrative, Wynne Maggi stays close to conversations and events that illustrate the daily life of the community, focusing particularly on the Kalasha people’s sense of humor; on the pleasure they take in work, children, ritual, and relationships; as well as on the complexity and seriousness of their social lives.
Accessible and thought-provoking, Our Women are Free will be of interest to professional anthropologists, area scholars, and other social scientists.
Wynne Maggi teaches anthropology and women’s studies at the University of Colorado.
To read this book online or to downlaod in pdf format:
If you are interested in anthropological study of the Kalasha tribe, you must read Nature in the Kalasha Perception of Life by Birgitte Glavind Sperber. In fact it is a chapter of book named Asian perceptions of nature: a critical approach edited by: Ole Bruun and Arne Kalland. This book was published by Routleged in 1995. To read the article please click the link:
Monday, October 11, 2010
A majority of the Kalasha people don’t like her as they think that Lakshan Bibi is not participating in the welfare of their people, she is just building Jastakhans (temples). There are as many temples in all three Kalasha valleys and people need schools, dispensaries rather than more Jastakhans. More, the local people think that she is not promoting their culture as she lives in Islamabad, she does not perform dance in the Kalasha festivals, she does not spend her menstrual cycle in the Bashali (a isolated home outside the village on the bank of river.) etc.
Anyhow these are the views of the local people from all three valleys; Bumboret, Rumbor and Birir.
Thursday, September 16, 2010
The Kalasha people have their own indigenous recipes of different dishes and breads. They have two major types of bread; wheat bread and walnut bread. The wheat bread is used in daily life while walnut bread is baked on special occasion like festivals, on death, birth or on the arrival of some special guests.
I am sharing here the video of Making of Walnut Bread.
Wallnut Bread of the Kalasha Part V
Wednesday, September 15, 2010
Monday, September 13, 2010
You can read on-line now:
For on-line study or to download in PDF format please log-on to:
The Title of book is Natural Resources and Cosmology in Changing Kalasha Society by Mytte Fentz. The Title denotes that this book deals with natural resources of the valley and change in the society.
On-line book is available on:
Wednesday, August 18, 2010
Friday, July 30, 2010
But, in this cyber era, there is a community, living in northern Pakistan, living in ‘back dates’. They have their indigenous culture & way of life. This community is the Kalasha of Hindu Kush Range; the Kalasha people are exercising very old way of life. They still have barter system alive with them.
Even today they people (the Kalasha people) grind their grains with Stone Grinding Mills on the banks of streams. The man, history told, is being used millstone since Neolithic Era, so the Kalasha are still using millstone powered by water stream under it.
I am, here, sharing two images of millstone/stone grinding mill/water mill (panchakki in Urdu) and a video clip.
Stone Grinding Mill (Image I)
Stone Grinding Mill (Image II)
Stone Grinding Mill (Video Clip)
Tuesday, July 27, 2010
Drop an email at: email@example.com
- For primary information regarding the Kalasha tribe, it is better to view the Kalash page of Wikipedia. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kalash
- http://kalashapeople.org/, this site will give a look about the Kalasha society like culture, education, festivals etc., and some new updates.
- The given site can make you known about the Kalasha culture, devalok (pantheon), concept about fairies, festivals and their schedule, birth-marriage and death rituals, burial rituals and some problems regarding the particular tribe. This is the good source to understand the Kalasha music. http://www.site-shara.net/_kalasha/eflm-kalasha.html
- If you are interested in anthropological study of the Kalasha tribe, you must read Nature in the Kalasha Perception of Life by Birgitte Glavind Sperber. In fact it is a chapter of book named Asian perceptions of nature: a critical approach edited by: Ole Bruun and Arne Kalland. This book was published by Routleged in 1995. To read the article please click the link: http://books.google.com.pk/books?hl=en&lr=&id=N41hm8YuVPQC&oi=fnd&pg=PA126&dq=kalash+culture&ots=QdyqhT2odQ&sig=i4hcKSZst0gdYVcm7nUvMMXOiGk#v=onepage&q=kalash%20culture&f=false
Monday, July 26, 2010
The Kalasha people of Pakistan are fond of dance; the dance is somehow their religious ritual as well as cultural trait.
They just seek chances of dancing and singing. They have four major festivals in a year: Joshi (May), Uchaw (August), Poh/Pul (September) and Chaumas (December). In all these festival they offer sacrifices, dance and sing songs.
The posted dance was recorded during my field research in Rumbor Valley in August, 2007.
Thursday, July 15, 2010
The abstract of thesis is as:
Kalasha tribe in the Kalasha Valleys is passing through a very critical phase of its transition. This transition is not only towards modernism but also cultural and religious landscape is changing quickly because its inhabitants are embracing Islam. The present author strongly feels that if ongoing process of conversion of the Kalasha inhabitants continues it may result in vanquishing of old religion and culture in the Kalasha tribe. Therefore this research focuses on the modern history of the Kalasha tribe during 1947 to 2007. It raises a number of questions regarding status of the Kalasha tribe in Pakistan in modern time.
- Historical Survey of the Kalasha (Ancient time to 2007)
- Kalasha Culture an Overview: Origin and Development (Before the Creation of Pakistan)
- Transition in the Kalasha Culture in Pakistan (1947 to 2007)
- The Implications of the Cultural Transition in the Kalasha Valleys for Pakistan
I dedicate this research work to an unending love of my Mother & an unending struggle of my (Late) Father. (May His Soul Rest In Peace. Ameen)
It was my mother who encouraged me for study. When I could not pass my Matriculation in 1994 (Math paper) and I was quitting my studies (considering that I could not sail through the Math paper), timely encouraging insistence from my Lovely Mother (A Kiss on your feet Mom) made me to reappear in the examination. With her prayers on my back coupled with my own hard strive I cruised through the matriculation examination, though securing only 40% marks yet it opened the door of social sciences for me. I did intermediate and graduation in history. Then I earned my Masters Degree in Pakistan Studies form University of the Punjab. I still remember my university days of my Masters Program. Sometimes when I recall the hardships of those days I could not stop my tears. It was when I was unable to pay the university dues. My dear mother (Love you Mom) in order to arrange my fees sold her gold ear-rings. In next semester she decided to sell Sony TV set (of 21``). And I never disappointed my Mother; I secured first position in the Masters programme in University of the Punjab.
After having Masters Degree from a reputed university I decided to take admission for the M.Phil in history. Meanwhile I got married and become a father of a son. I was still the poor son of my poor but proud mother who till then not only arranged my education dues but also took care of my wife and son.
I was the first boy of the family who earned a Graduation Degree; university education was still the myth in my family. Despite my poor background financially and educationally I did what only .5 percent (point five percent) people achieve in my country, the M.phill degree. And it was all because of strenuous labor of my dear and noble mother her prayers and timely encouragement. In fact she had a dream to be a teacher in her life. But for certain reasons she could not, rather she devoted her life for me. Now Alhamdulilah, I am a faculty member of public sector university in Pakistan.