Friday, July 30, 2010

The old-dates Method of Grinding the Grains in Kalasha Valleys

This is the cyber era-we are observing-the world has been changed at extent level, and it is the era of machines. We have modern machines and instruments in our lives. These machines have made our lives easier compare to our ancestors.
But, in this cyber era, there is a community, living in northern Pakistan, living in ‘back dates’. They have their indigenous culture & way of life. This community is the Kalasha of Hindu Kush Range; the Kalasha people are exercising very old way of life. They still have barter system alive with them.
Even today they people (the Kalasha people) grind their grains with Stone Grinding Mills on the banks of streams. The man, history told, is being used millstone since Neolithic Era, so the Kalasha are still using millstone powered by water stream under it.

I am, here, sharing two images of millstone/stone grinding mill/water mill (panchakki in Urdu) and a video clip.

Stone Grinding Mill (Image I)

Stone Grinding Mill (Image II)

Stone Grinding Mill (Video Clip)

Tuesday, July 27, 2010

The Kalasha Web Directory

As we know that the Kalasha tribe is an endangered tribe, it is need of hour to promote the particular society. But here I would love to preserve the Kalasha culture and society on-line. I would love to prepare Web Directory of Kalasha Tribe; if you have a good source please let me know I will post it with your name.
Drop an email at:

  •, this site will give a look about the Kalasha society like culture, education, festivals etc., and some new updates.

  • The given site can make you known about the Kalasha culture, devalok (pantheon), concept about fairies, festivals and their schedule, birth-marriage and death rituals, burial rituals and some problems regarding the particular tribe. This is the good source to understand the Kalasha music.

Monday, July 26, 2010

The Kalasha Dance; The Dance to Please gods (Video)

The Kalasha people of Pakistan are fond of dance; the dance is somehow their religious ritual as well as cultural trait.
They just seek chances of dancing and singing. They have four major festivals in a year: Joshi (May), Uchaw (August), Poh/Pul (September) and Chaumas (December). In all these festival they offer sacrifices, dance and sing songs.

The posted dance was recorded during my field research in Rumbor Valley in August, 2007.

A Kalasha Baby (With centuries ago tradition)

This picture is of a Kalasha baby, the Kalasha tribe is a pagan tribe of Pakistan; the sole pagan tribe living in Pakistan. Once the population of the Kalasha tribe was about 10,000 in 1950's but now their population is just about 4000. It is an endangered tribe, to be vanquished.
In three Kalasha Valleys (Bumboret, Rumbor & Birir) you may observed centuries old traditions. The people still are observing their indigenous culture. The Kalasha boys are kept naked for two years and then they are dressed on kameez (shirt) up to the age of five years. And after five years a ritual is done and all mamagans (uncles) gathered and then boy baby is given a shalwar (pants) to wear. But in the case of girl, she is dressed on full dress but not Susut; the head-gear which is given her to at the age of five and then she is considered the member of the Kalasha tribe.

Thursday, July 15, 2010

M.phil Thesis on the Kalasha Tribe of Pakistan

With the ALLAH’s grace I have completed my M.Phil thesis on the Kalasha tribe of Pakistan, the title of thesis is 'Cultural Transitions in the Kalasha Valleys (1947-2007)'.
The abstract of thesis is as:


This study is to explore the origin and growth of cultural transitions in the Kalasha Valleys (Bumboret, Rumbor and Birir) particularly the Kalasha tribe which is one of the oldest civilization and culture in Pakistan.
Kalasha tribe in the Kalasha Valleys is passing through a very critical phase of its transition. This transition is not only towards modernism but also cultural and religious landscape is changing quickly because its inhabitants are embracing Islam. The present author strongly feels that if ongoing process of conversion of the Kalasha inhabitants continues it may result in vanquishing of old religion and culture in the Kalasha tribe. Therefore this research focuses on the modern history of the Kalasha tribe during 1947 to 2007. It raises a number of questions regarding status of the Kalasha tribe in Pakistan in modern time.

The thesis contains four chapters:

  1. Historical Survey of the Kalasha (Ancient time to 2007)

  2. Kalasha Culture an Overview: Origin and Development (Before the Creation of Pakistan)

  3. Transition in the Kalasha Culture in Pakistan (1947 to 2007)

  4. The Implications of the Cultural Transition in the Kalasha Valleys for Pakistan

I dedicate this research work to an unending love of my Mother & an unending struggle of my (Late) Father. (May His Soul Rest In Peace. Ameen)

It was my mother who encouraged me for study. When I could not pass my Matriculation in 1994 (Math paper) and I was quitting my studies (considering that I could not sail through the Math paper), timely encouraging insistence from my Lovely Mother (A Kiss on your feet Mom) made me to reappear in the examination. With her prayers on my back coupled with my own hard strive I cruised through the matriculation examination, though securing only 40% marks yet it opened the door of social sciences for me. I did intermediate and graduation in history. Then I earned my Masters Degree in Pakistan Studies form University of the Punjab. I still remember my university days of my Masters Program. Sometimes when I recall the hardships of those days I could not stop my tears. It was when I was unable to pay the university dues. My dear mother (Love you Mom) in order to arrange my fees sold her gold ear-rings. In next semester she decided to sell Sony TV set (of 21``). And I never disappointed my Mother; I secured first position in the Masters programme in University of the Punjab.
After having Masters Degree from a reputed university I decided to take admission for the M.Phil in history. Meanwhile I got married and become a father of a son. I was still the poor son of my poor but proud mother who till then not only arranged my education dues but also took care of my wife and son.
I was the first boy of the family who earned a Graduation Degree; university education was still the myth in my family. Despite my poor background financially and educationally I did what only .5 percent (point five percent) people achieve in my country, the M.phill degree. And it was all because of strenuous labor of my dear and noble mother her prayers and timely encouragement. In fact she had a dream to be a teacher in her life. But for certain reasons she could not, rather she devoted her life for me. Now Alhamdulilah, I am a faculty member of public sector university in Pakistan.
“MaaN Gee (Mother) you are really great, I have no words to thanks I can just Kiss on you feet. I Love You.”)

Tuesday, July 13, 2010

Introduction to Kalasha Tribe of Pakistan

Introduction to Kalasha Tribe of Pakistan

One of the major attractions for the tourists, historians, sociologists and anthropologists, professional photographers and archeologists of the world, is the Kalash valleys (Chitral district) in the North-West part of Pakistan. Kalash valleys, which have earned world fame because of their specific culture, are the home of Kafir Kalash or wearers of the black robes, a primitive pagan tribe. The Kalash people live in the three sub-valleys of Kalash; Bumboret, Rumbor and Birir. The Kalasha are ancient tribe of Pakistan and they have their own way of life, their own religion, language, rituals and their own identity. This part of Pakistan is considered to be a well preserved ethnic and cultural museum. Owing to this value, Kalasha culture has been listed by UNESCO for consideration as World Heritage Site. The Kalasha culture is unique as well as amazing one, from all over the world tourist come here to see their natural beauty and unique culture and each year many historians, anthropologists and photographers from all over the world focus the Kalasha society.

The Kalasha tribe is observing the great demographic change; their population is under threats for many years. Their population was 10,000 in 1959 showed 63% decrease per annum due to the pressure of people from the urban centers of the country, shrinking it to 3700 souls in 2009.

The Kalasha society is observing cultural change, that is drastic cultural and social change.

The cultural change affected at large scale:

  • Family breakup and disturb the family system
  • Permanent loss of rituals
  • Loss in cultural participation in daily practices
  • Loss in cultural participation in communal events